Impact of the increase in international freight costs for Colombian
importers between 2019 and 2021
..........................................
Impacto del incremento de los costos de fletes internacionales para importadores
colombianos entre los años 2019 a 2021
Campo Elías López-Rodríguez
1
Iván Guillermo Ortega-Diéz
2
Diana María Bejarano Guzmán
3
Ángela María Cardona Ramírez
4
ABSTRACT
The main objective of this article is to
determine the impact of the increase in
international freight costs for Colombian
importers between 2019 and 2021. In order to
answer this question, the research carried out
was based on a qualitative descriptive study,
based on a documentary review analysis; This
process began through the conceptualization
of the most relevant terms used in
international maritime transport, then it was
inquired about the factors that influenced the
increase in international freight costs, there it
was shown that the shortage of TEUs and the
lack of operators to meet the demand in ports,
are the main factors that triggered the increase
in this item, it should be noted that the second
factor was exacerbated as a result of the
pandemic. From the results obtained, it is
concluded that the impact generated by this
cost overrun is negative for importers, the
result was a decrease in the volume of imports
arriving by sea, this being the means of
Received: January 11, 2023
Approved: May 29, 2023
...........................................
1. PhD student in Consumer Psychology. Research
Leader of the Specialization in Financial
Management at Corporación Universitaria Minuto
de Dios - UNIMINUTO. Contact email:
clopezr3@uniminuto.edu.co Orcid:
http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4061-2979
2. Master in Organizational Management.
Research Professor at the School of International
Business, Universidad Santo Tomás de Aquino,
Bogotá, Colombia. Contact e-mail:
ivanortegad@usantotomas.edu.co Orcid:
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-9826-4885
3. Professional in International Trade from ECCI
University. E-mail:
dianam.bejaranog@ecci.edu.co ORCID:
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4331-5788
4. Professional in International Trade from ECCI
University. E-mail:
angelam.ramirezc@ecci.edu.co ORCID:
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5496-4564
Impact of the increase in international freight costs for Colombian importers between 2019 and 2021.
Vol 3 - No 2 July - December e-ISSN 2745-1194 Pages 99-119
100
transport responsible for mobilizing about
90% of the cargo traded worldwide, this
negative variation directly influences the
economy of each country and is reflected in its
balance of trade. It is possible to identify the
monopolistic role played by shipping
companies, being the owners of containers and
vessels, who use the contingency to take an
advantageous position and oversell the
reserves or exponentially increase the price of
these.
Keywords: Costs, international freights,
imports
RESUMEN
Este artículo tiene como principal objetivo
determinar el impacto del incremento de los
costos de fletes internacionales para
importadores colombianos entre los años 2019
a 2021, para responder a este interrogante la
investigación realizada se ejecutó a partir de un
descriptivo de tipo cualitativo, basado en un
análisis de revisión documental; este proceso
comenzó a través de la conceptualización de los
términos más relevantes utilizados en el
transporte internacional marítimo,
posteriormente se indagó acerca de cuáles eran
los factores que incidían en el aumento de los
costos de los fletes internacionales, allí se
evidenció que la escasez de TEUS y la falta de
operarios que cubran la demanda en los
puertos, son los principales factores que
desataron el incremento en este rubro, cabe
resaltar que el segundo factor se agudizó como
consecuencia de la pandemia. Desde los
resultados obtenidos se concluye